Neurosurgery is the medical science that studies diseases that affect the nervous system that require or may require surgical treatment at some point in its evolution.
Therefore, it has a very close connection with Neurology, since many of the diseases to be studied and treated are common for both specialties.
The surgical treatment is performed in very specific places of the hospital, requiring an infrastructure of operating rooms, anesthesia and resuscitation, as well as intensive care units, which are also shared with other surgical and medical specialties.
But in addition, it requires other human resources and hospital infrastructure that are provided by other specialties or subspecialties in relation to the nervous system. Together they form the group of Clinical Neurosciences.